Urine is medically defined as a liquid by-product of the body secreted by the kidneys through a process called urination and excreted through the urethra.
Urinating is how the body gets rid of unwanted or unneeded substances in the blood.
Human urine together with human feces are collectively defined as human waste or human excreta.
The consistency, odor, and color of your urine are often indicators of your lifestyle and health condition.
Each of these signs can vary depending on what you have been eating and drinking to medical diseases.
URINE COLOUR ANALYSIS
Here are some urine color and what they signify:
Pale Straw, Amber or Honey Pee Color:
Generally means that you are either drinking a lot of fluid, or you are taking a diuretic drug that forces the body to get rid of excess water.
Dark Yellow :
Usually, a sign that you’re not drinking enough fluid. Your body requires a certain amount of fluid to function, so the body will hold on to fluid and the urine will become very strong and concentrated.
When that happens, it will turn a darker color.
Dark Brown :
Can be caused by drugs such as chloroquine and primaquine, antibiotics metronidazole (Flagyl) and nitrofurantoin, laxatives containing cascara or senna, and methocarbamol.
Muscle injury from extreme exercise can result in pink or cola-colored urine and kidney damage
In addition, some liver and kidney disorders can turn it dark brown, as can some urinary tract infections.
Clear Pee with No Yellow (or other) Color
If your pee is completely clear, it may be a sign that you are drinking too much water.
In general, if you’re drinking so much that it looks like water, you probably are drinking more than you need.
White, Cloudy or Murky
Urinary tract infections (UTI) and/or kidney stones can cause it to appear cloudy or murky.
Chyluria is another possible diagnosis. Chyluria, also called chylous it is a medical condition involving the presence of chyle in the stream,
which results in it appearing milky white.
It is a condition that is more prevalent among people of Africa and the Indian subcontinent.
Orange Colored Urine :
In some cases, orange urination can indicate a problem with your liver or bile duct, especially if you also have light-colored stools.
Medications that can turn your pee orange include rifampin; the anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that numbs urinary tract discomfort; some laxatives; and certain chemotherapy drugs.
Orange urine may also be caused by dehydration.
he only known cause of purple urination is purple urine bag syndrome.
Purple urine is associated with Gram-negative bacteria and typically resolves after treatment with antibiotics and changing the catheter.
Red or Pink Urine Color:
Some foods such as beets (beetroot), blackberries and rhubarb are known to turn your pee red or pink in color.
However, you could have blood in your urine.
Factors that can cause urinary blood (hematuria) include urinary tract infections, enlarged prostate (Urine Test for Prostate Cancer), cancerous and non-cancerous tumors, kidney cysts, long-distance running, and kidney or bladder stones.
Most of the time, urine does not have a strong smell if you are healthy and drink plenty of fluids.
The smell of your urine usually is not such a direct indicator of a disease, it is more of an indicator of foods you have recently eaten or medications you may be taking.
The consumption of products such as saffron, alcohol, coffee, tuna fish, and onion can result in various urine “scents”. Spicy foods can often have a similar effect, as their compounds pass through the kidneys without being fully broken down before exiting your body.
- Foul-smelling – Maybe due to bacteria.
- Musty – Liver disease and certain metabolic disorders may affect, thus,the musty-smelling.
- Sweet-smelling – Maybe a sign of uncontrolled diabetes or a rare disease of metabolism.
- Sweet – Diabetics often report that their urination smells sweet, this is because of excess sugar in the body.
- Chlamydia (STD) could cause it to have a very strong smell.
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