HIV AIDS is a major sexually transmitted diseases and it affects a large number of people in this world. This contains the major things you need to know about HIV and AIDS.
What is HIV?
HIV is a virus that damages the immune system.The immune system helps the body fight off infections. Untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cells. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections and cancers.
HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids that include:
*.vaginal and rectal fluids
The virus doesn’t spread in air or water, or through casual contact.
HIV is a lifelong condition and currently there is no cure, although many scientists are working tofind one. However, with medical care, including treatment called anti retroviral therapy, it’s possible to manage HIV and live with the virus for many years.
Without treatment, a person with HIV is likely to develop a serious condition called AIDS.
At that point, the immune system is too weak to fight off other diseases and infections. Untreated, life expectancy with AIDS is about three years.
With anti retroviral therapy, HIV can be well-controlled and life expectancy can be nearly the same as someone who has not contracted HIV.
ALSO READ: 7 NATURAL TIPS FOR MANAGING HIV
What is AIDS?
AIDS is a disease that can develop in people with HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV doesn’t mean they’ll develop AIDS.
A person can also be diagnosed with AIDS if theyhave HIV and develop anopportunistic infectionor cancer that’s rare in people who don’t have HIV. An opportunistic infection, such a as pneumonia, is one that takes advantage of a unique situation, such as HIV.
Untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS within a decade. There’s no cure for AIDS, and without treatment, life expectancy after diagnosis is about three years. This may be shorter if the person develops a severe opportunistic illness.
However, treatment with anti retroviral drugs can prevent AIDS from developing. If AIDS does develop, it means that the immune system is severely compromise. It’s weakene to the point where it can no longer fight off most diseases and infections.
HIV AIDS: What’s the connection?
To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS.
Some of the ways HIV AIDS is spread from person to person include:
*.through vaginal or anal sex — the most common route of transmission, especially among men who have sex with men
*.by sharing needles, syringes, and other items for injection drug use
*.by sharing tattoo equipment without sterilizing it between uses
*.during pregnancy, labor, or delivery from a woman to her baby
*.through “pre-mastication,” or chewing a baby’s food before feeding it to them
*.through exposure to the blood of someone living with HIV, such as through a needle stick
Early symptoms of HIV can include:
*.swollen lymph nodes
*.general aches and pains
That includes the major things to know about HIV AIDS. If you are suffering from such condition, please see a doctor as soon as possible.
Now this has undergone creative writing based on research and facts. Do feel free to share your thoughts in the comment section.
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