Cervical cancer arises in the cervix of the uterus (womb). IT affects the entrance to the womb.
The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb.
When exposed to HPV, the body’s immune system typically prevents the virus from doing harm.
In a small percentage of people, however, the virus survives for years, contributing to the process that causes some cervical cells to become cancer cells.
You can also reduce your risk of developing it by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.
Types of cervical cancer
The type of cervical cancer that you have helps determine your prognosis and treatment. The main types are:
Squamous cell carcinoma. This type of cervical cancer begins in the thin, flat cells (squamous cells) lining the outer part of the cervix, which projects into the vagina. Most cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.
Adenocarcinoma. This type of cervical cancer begins in the column-shaped glandular cells that line the cervical canal.
Many sexual partners
The greater your number of sexual partners and the greater your partner’s number of sexual partners.the greater your chance of acquiring HPV.
Early sexual activity. Having sex at an early age increases your risk of HPV
Other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Having other STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and also HIV/AIDS increases your risk of HPV.
A weakened immune system. You may be more likely to develop cervical cancer if your immune system is weakened by another health condition and you have HPV.
Birth control pills: Long-term use of some common contraceptive pills slightly raises a woman’s risk.
A number of measures can also help reduce the chances of developing cervical cancer.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine
The link between the development of cervical cancer and some types of HPV is clear. If every female keeps to the current HPV vaccination programs, thus, they could reduce its frequency.
The HPV vaccine only protects against two HPV strains. Other strains can also be a cause Using a condom during sex helps protect from HPV infection.
Having fewer sexual partners
The more sexual partners a woman has, the higher the risk of transmitting the HPV virus becomes. This can also lead to a higher risk of developing it.
Women who smoke and have HPV face a higher risk of developing it more than people who do not.
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