Unwanted pregnancy can be a burden to many women. People who are sexually active and want to avoid pregnancy should be aware of their options when it comes to birth control. There are many ways available to help avoid pregnancy.
However, the only completely reliable method for avoiding pregnancy is abstaining from sex. A person risks becoming pregnant every time they have sex without contraception, including the first time they ever have sex. Some methods are available without a prescription, but most require one
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Each form of birth control has advantages and disadvantages. Read on to learn more about the different ways to help people avoid pregnancy.
A) BARRIER METHOD TO AVOID PREGNANCY
1 Male Condoms
Condoms can protect against STIs as well as unwanted pregnancy. Male and female condoms are the only types of contraception that protect against asexually transmitted infections(STIs).
When used correctly, male condoms are more than 80 percent effective against unwanted pregnancy, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Latex condoms are worn on the penis during intercourse. They prevent unwanted pregnancy by keeping semen from coming into contact with fertile eggs. Condoms are made from thin latex, so they occasionally tear during intercourse. When this happens, the chances of pregnancy go up.
2 Female Condoms
Female condoms are also available without a prescription. They can be used instead of a male condom, but should never be used with one. According to the CDC, female condoms are about79 percent effective for contraception.
Also made of latex, female condoms are shaped like a ring with a pouch. The pouch fits inside the vagina, while the ring stays outside the body to hold it in place. They collect semen during intercourse so it never has a chance to enter the woman’s body.
Female condoms reduce the risk of STDs by protecting the vagina from directly getting touched.
These shallow cups made of silicone are inserted inside the vagina and over the cervix to prevent semen from contacting an egg. They are commonly used in combination with spermicidal jelly, which prevents sperm from moving, in order to increase efficacy.
A person must insert the diaphragm a few hours before intercourse, leave it in place for 6 hours after sex, and remove it after 24 hours.
*.Diaphragms are quite effective, but they don’t prevent the transmission of STDs.
4 Cervical Cap
A cervical cap is a soft silicone cup that is placed deep inside the vagina. It covers the cervix to stop sperm from reaching an egg.
This effectiveness of the cervical cap varies according to sources, but Planned Parenthood estimate that its effectiveness ranges from about 70 to 85 percent. It does not protect against STIs.
Spermicide is a chemical that inactivates sperm. It is available to buy without a prescription and is used with forms of barrier contraception, such as condoms, but not with the sponge.
If used alone, spermicide should be inserted close to the cervix at least10 minutes before sex. It remains effective for 60 minutes and is approximately 71 percent effective.
The contraceptive sponge is a method of birth control that a person can buy without a prescription. Made of polyurethane foam and containing spermicide, the sponge is place deep inside the vagina to block entry to the uterus.
Used alone, the sponge is 76 to 88 percent effective, but using it with a condom further reduces the risk of unwanted pregnancy and STIs.
B) HORMONAL METHODS
7 Birth Control Pills.
Birth control pills, often referred to in shorthand as “the Pill,” consist of synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones that keep a woman’s eggs from leaving her ovaries, so that pregnancy can’t happen. When taken properly, they are extremely effective.
Contraceptive pills are available on a prescriptions only basis from your gynecologist or health care provider.
* Take the pill every day, at the same time each day, to work properly. Skipping a few days could decrease its efficacy.
8 Injection or Birth Control Shot
The contraceptive shot (Depo-Provera) is usually giving by a doctor every 12 weeks. According to the CDC, when used correctly, and assuming that a person gets their shot on time, it is over 90 percent effective at preventing pregnancy.
Administering of the shot in the arm once every three months. The shot is very effective at preventing unwanted pregnancy, side effects are possible.
According to Planned Pregnancy, it may take up to 10 months, or sometimes longer, for fertility to return to normal after a person stops getting the contraceptive shot.
9) The Birth Control Patch
According to the NHS, the contraceptive patch is 99 percent effective when used correctly. With typical use, it is closer to 90 percent effective.
Placing of the patch is usually on the arm, back or thigh. It distributes hormones through the skin and has to be undergo replacement every few weeks. A person must wear each patch for 3 weeks, before removing it for 1 week to allow for a menstrual period. There is a small risk of skin irritation
10) Vaginal Ring or The birth Control Ring
According to the NHS, the birth control ring is over 99 percent effective when used correctly, but is typically less than 95 percent effective due to human error.
This small, plastic ring stays in the vagina for 3 weeks. It releases hormones to prevent unwanted pregnancy from occurring. The ring must under go removal for 7 days to allow for a menstrual period before a inserting a new ring.
Now this has undergone creative writing based on research and facts. Do feel free to share your thoughts in the comment section.
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